About Sexual Assault
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Types of Sexual Violence
Stalking: pattern of repeated harassment, unwanted contact and attention. Can include repeated unwanted calls, emails, messages gifts etc. Some states that specifically allow civil lawsuits for stalking: CA, Arkansas, KY, Michigan, Nebraska, Oregon, RI, SD, TN, TX, Virginia, Washington, Wyoming
Sexual Coercion: making someone feel obligated to have sex by using guilt, pressure, drugs/alcohol or force
Drug-facilitated Sexual Assault: often associated with the use of Date Rape Drugs or when ability to consent is compromised due to drugs or alcohol whether consumption was voluntary or not
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Sexual shaming among kids and teens: bulling in a sexual nature. These instances often occur in athletic locker rooms or among teammates.
Child sexual abuse: ANY sexual activity between a child/adolescent and an adult with or without sexual touching. Include forcing child to touch themselves, exposing self to child, viewing or violating private behaviors of a child or teen, taking or showing explicit photos of a child or teen.
Incest: unwanted sexual contact between two member of the same family that wouldn’t be legally allowed to marry.
Elderly sexual assault: when perpetrator engages in sexual activity without the others consent. Often occurs when the elder was unable to provide consent due to medical condition, dementia, Alzheimer’s and perpetrated by a loved one or caretake, person in a position of power.
Prisoner Rape: typically, the perpetrator is another inmate, guard or staff a person in power over the inmate
Multiple perpetrator assault: commonly called gang rape. Can start out as consensual act between 2 partners, but then others join w/o the partners consent. Can be used as form of initiation into a group (Gang, club etc).
What is Consent?
- Did the person express overt actions or words indicating agreement for sexual acts?
Freely given consent:
- Was the consent offered of the person’s own free will, without being induced by fraud, coercion, violence, or threat of violence?
Consent is an active, sober, verbal yes – not the absence of no.
Did the individual have the capacity, or legal ability, to consent? The capacity to consent takes the following into consideration:
- Age: Is the person at or above the age of consent for that state? Does the age difference between the perpetrator and victim affect the age of consent in that state?
- Developmental disability: Does the person have a developmental disability or other form of mental incapacitation, such as a traumatic brain injury?
- Intoxication: Was the person intoxicated? Different states have different definitions of intoxication, and in some states it matters whether you voluntarily or involuntarily became intoxicated.
- Physical disability: Does the persona have a physical disability, incapacity, or other form of helplessness?
- Relationship of victim/perpetrator:Was the alleged perpetrator in a position of authority, such as such as a teacher or correctional office?
- Unconsciousness: Was the person sleeping, sedated, strangulated, or suffering from physical trauma?
- Is the person considered a vulnerable adult, such as an elderly or ill person?
- Is this adult dependent on others for care?
Sexual Assault Statistics
- One in three girls and one in five boys will be sexually assaulted by the age of 16.
- 1 out of every 3 American women will be sexually assaulted in her lifetime.
- 1 in 7 women will be raped by her husband.
- 6 out of 10 rape/sexual assaults occurred in the homes of the victim, family members or friends.
- 1,871 rapes occur per day.
- 3 women are raped per minute.
- Three out of five rapes happen before age 18.
- Three out of ten rapes happen before age 11.
- Between 80 – 90% of sexual assault victims knew their attacker.
- An American is sexually assaulted every 98 seconds
- Ages 12-34 at the highest risk of being sexually assaulted.